Loi Pinel

Lors d'un achat immobilier dans le neuf, il est intéressant de vérifier si le logement se situe dans une zone déterminée par le gouvernement et éligible à la loi pinel.
En effet, si cela est le cas, des possibilités de défiscalisation s'ouvrent à l'investisseur si celui-ci s'engage à louer l'appartement acheté durant une période d'au moins 6 ans. Certaines autres conditions de loyers et de ressources propres au dispositif Pinel doivent être remplies, mais elles sont facilement applicables.

Sylvia Pinel
Organizing the top libertarian content on the web Top Libertarian is the creation of aspiring libertarian writer and web designer Patrick McEwen. It initially launched in February of 2012 as a page on his Capital Free Press blog that was only what is now the Compete Rankings page.

Google says that their mission is "to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful." The mission of Top Libertarian is similar, but covers a much more limited scope. Rather than the world's information we only seek to deal with libertarian things on the Internet. While we don't necessarily seek to make such content universally accessible, we certainly seek to make it more accessible, organized and useful.

It all started as looking up the answer to a simple question - which libertarian websites get the most traffic? Manually going through and compiling a list seemed like too much unnecessary work when both Compete and Alexa had API's that could easily be used to compile an automatically updating list. One thing lead to another and I figured that since I had done all of the work to compile the list and automate the process of gathering the data, I might as well share it with the world. One thing led to another and the site evolved to what it has become today.

As the site grows and changes, it maintains that same original focus of trying to help people find new libertarian content on the Internet that they aren't familiar with. The way to think about the site is that it is trying to organize the top libertarian content on the web and displaying rankings is just a useful way to do that.

What makes a website or social media account libertarian? - Before fully answering this question, I think it's important to define what exactly is libertarianism. Most importantly, it is a political philosophy. It has something to say about politics and government. It does not have something to say about nutrition, who was responsible for 9/11, who killed JFK, or many other topics. It does have things to say about government regulation, taxes, health care reform, foreign policy, gay marriage, and other political topics.

That is not to say that there aren't libertarians who have opinions about topics not related to libertarianism. Having been written, run or created by a libertarian does not make the website in itself libertarian. Given that this is a ranking of the most visited libertarian websites and not a ranking of websites by libertarians or of interest to libertarians, only websites that have a focus on libertarian content will be included. An easy way to think about this requirement, is that if it were written as an article in a newspaper it should probably belong in the opinion or editorial section.

A tricky categoy is news. The most common rejected submissions thus far have been websites that are entirely devoted to reporting or aggregating news. I have made the decision not to include them because in my mind merely reporting what happened is not really libertarian. A key factor in this decision was that trying to figure out whether or not a news site was libertarian oriented proved to be very difficult and incredibly time consuming for me. However, commentary on current events is distinct from merely reporting the news and certainly can be libertarian.

That leaves the question of defining which political philosophies qualify as libertarian. My intent is to use the term in a broad sense. Rather than establishing litmus tests on a range of issues, I have found a more effective approach is to use other litmus tests that are much easier for me to verify. Some of the ones that I use include:

What term do the website authors or social media account owners use to identify themselves? - If a website's authors call themselves libertarians or one of the subsets of libertarianism such as anarcho-capitalists, Objectivists, or agorists and the website contains politically oriented commentary, it almost certainly qualifies. If someone doesn't identify as a libertarian themselves my inclination is to not believe the content they're producing is libertarian. Does the website or social media account promote or speak favorably about prominent libertarians? - If the website speaks in favorable terms about people like Ron Paul, Milton Friedman, Ayn Rand, Murray Rothbard, F.A. Hayek, etc. or criticizes them for not being libertarian enough, it probably qualifies. Does the website's author or social media account owner work for a prominent libertarian organization? - Personal websites and blogs of people who work for the Ludwig von Mises Institute, the Cato Institute, Reason, etc. nearly always will qualify. Ultimately, the decision ends up being subjective and is mine to make, but hopefully these criteria will help give some idea of my thought process in deciding whether or not to include a website, Twitter account or Facebook page.

One question in particular that I have struggled with is drawing the line between libertarian and conservative.